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Transcript of Treaty of Paris (1783)

The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783

In the Name of the most Holy & undivided Trinity.

It having pleased the Divine Providence to dispose the Hearts of the most Serene and most Potent Prince George the Third,  by the Grace of God,  King of Great Britain,  France,  and  Ireland,  Defender of the Faith,  Duke of Brunswick and Lunebourg,  Arch- Treasurer and  Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire etc.. and  of the United  States of America, to forget all past Misunderstandings and Differences that have unhappily interrupted  the good  Correspondence and Friendship which they mutually wish to restore;

and  to establish such a beneficial and satisfactory Intercourse between the two countries upon the ground of reciprocal Advantages and  mutual  Convenience as may promote and  secure to both perpetual  Peace and  Harmony;

and  having for this desirable  End  already laid  the  Foundation of  Peace & Reconciliation by the Provisional Articles signed at Paris on the 30th of November 1782, by the  Commissioners empowered  on each Part, which Articles were agreed  to be inserted  in and constitute the  Treaty of  Peace proposed  to be concluded  between the Crown of  Great Britain and  the said   United  States,  but which Treaty was not to be concluded until  Terms of  Peace should  be agreed upon between Great Britain & France, and  his Britannic Majesty should  be ready to conclude such Treaty accordingly:

and  the treaty between Great Britain & France having since been concluded,  his Britannic Majesty & the  United States of America, in Order to carry into full Effect the Provisional Articles above mentioned,  according to the Tenor thereof, have constituted  & appointed,  that is to say his Britannic Majesty on his Part,  David  Hartley, Esqr.,  Member of the Parliament of Great  Britain, and  the said  United States on their Part,

John Adams, Esqr.,  late a Commissioner of  the United  States of America at the Court of Versailles,  late Delegate in Congress from the State of Massachusetts,  and  Chief Justice of the said  State, and  Minister Plenipotentiary of  the said United  States to their High Mightinesses  the States General of  the  United Netherlands;

Benjamin Franklin, Esqr., late Delegate in Congress from  the State of Pennsylvania, President of the Convention of the  said  State, and  Minister Plenipotentiary from the United States of America at the Court of Versailles;

John Jay, Esqr.,  late President of Congress and  Chief Justice of the state of New York, and Minister Plenipotentiary from the said  United States at the Court of Madrid;

to be Plenipotentiaries for the concluding and signing the Present Definitive Treaty; who after having reciprocally communicated their respective full Powers have agreed upon and confirmed the following Articles.

Article 1st:
His Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said  United  States, viz.,  New Hampshire,  Massachusetts Bay,  Rhode Island  and  Providence Plantations, Connecticut,  New York,  New Jersey,  Pennsylvania,  Delaware,  Maryland, Virginia,  North Carolina,  South Carolina and  Georgia, to be free sovereign and Independent States; that he treats with them as such, and  for himself his Heirs & Successors, relinquishes all claims to the Government, Propriety, and  Territorial Rights of the same and every Part thereof.

Article 2d:
And  that all Disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the Boundaries of the said  United  States may be prevented,  it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and  shall be their Boundaries, viz.;

from the Northwest Angle of Nova Scotia, viz.,  that Angle which is formed by a Line drawn due North from the Source of St. Croix River to the Highlands;

along the said Highlands which divide those Rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence,  from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the northwesternmost Head of Connecticut River;

Thence down along the middle of that River to the forty-fifth Degree of North Latitude;

From thence by a Line due West on said Latitude until it strikes the River Iroquois or Cataraquy;

Thence along the middle of said  River into Lake Ontario; through the Middle of said Lake until it strikes the Communication by Water between that Lake & Lake Erie;

Thence along the middle of said Communication into Lake Erie,  through the middle of said Lake until it arrives at the Water Communication between that lake & Lake Huron;

Thence along the middle of said Water Communication into the Lake Huron, thence through the middle of said Lake to the Water Communication between that Lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior Northward of the Isles Royal & Phelipeaux to the Long Lake;

Thence through the middle of said Long Lake and the Water Communication between it & the Lake of the Woods,  to the said Lake of the Woods;

Thence through the said Lake to the most Northwestern Point thereof,  and from thence on a due West Course to the river Mississippi;

Thence by a Line to be drawn along the Middle of the said river Mississippi until it shall intersect the Northernmost Part of the thirty-first Degree of North Latitude,  South, by a Line to be drawn due East from the Determination of the Line last mentioned in the Latitude of thirty-one Degrees of the Equator to the middle of the River Apalachicola or Catahouche;

Thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River;

Thence straight to the Head of Saint Mary’s River,  and thence down along the middle of Saint Mary’s River to the Atlantic Ocean.  East,  by a Line to be drawn along the Middle of the river Saint Croix,  from its Mouth in the Bay of Fundy to its Source, and from its Source directly North to the aforesaid Highlands, which divide the Rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean from those which fall into the river Saint Lawrence; comprehending all Islands within twenty Leagues of any Part of the Shores of the United States,  and lying between Lines to be drawn due East from the Points where the aforesaid  Boundaries between Nova Scotia on the one Part and East Florida on the other shall, respectively, touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such Islands as now are or heretofore have been within the limits of the said Province of Nova Scotia.

Article 3d:
It is agreed that the People of the United States shall continue to enjoy unmolested the Right to take Fish of every kind on the Grand  Bank and on all the other Banks of Newfoundland,  also in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and at all other Places in the Sea, where the Inhabitants of both Countries used  at any time heretofore to fish.

And also that the Inhabitants of the United States shall have Liberty to take Fish of every Kind on such Part of the Coast of Newfoundland as British Fishermen shall use, (but not to dry or cure the same on that Island)

And also on the Coasts, Bays & Creeks of all other of his Britannic Majesty’s Dominions in America;

and  that the American Fishermen shall have Liberty to dry and cure Fish in any of the unsettled  Bays,  Harbors, and  Creeks of  Nova Scotia,  Magdalen Islands,  and  Labrador, so long as the same shall remain unsettled, but so soon as the same or either of them shall be settled, it shall not be lawful for the said Fishermen to dry or cure Fish at such Settlement without a previous Agreement for that purpose with the Inhabitants, Proprietors, or Possessors of the Ground.

Article 4th:
It is agreed that Creditors on either Side shall meet with no lawful Impediment to the Recovery of the full  Value in Sterling Money of all  bona fide  Debts heretofore contracted.

Article 5th:
It is agreed that Congress shall earnestly recommend it to the Legislatures of the respective States to provide for the Restitution of all Estates, Rights, and Properties, which have been confiscated belonging to real British Subjects;

and  also of the Estates, Rights, and Properties of Persons resident in Districts in the Possession on his Majesty’s Arms and who have not borne Arms against the said United States.

And  that Persons of any other Description shall have free Liberty to go to any Part or Parts of any of the thirteen United States and  therein to remain twelve Months unmolested  in their Endeavors to obtain the Restitution of such of their Estates –  Rights & Properties as may have been confiscated.

And  that Congress shall also earnestly recommend  to the several States a Reconsideration and Revision of all Acts or Laws regarding the Premises, so as to render the said  Laws or Acts perfectly consistent not only with Justice and Equity but with that Spirit of Conciliation which on the Return of the Blessings of Peace should universally prevail.

And that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several States that the Estates, Rights, and  Properties of such last mentioned  Persons shall be restored to them,  they refunding to any Persons who may be now in Possession the Bona fide Price (where any has been given) which such Persons may have paid on purchasing any of the said Lands,  Rights, or Properties since the Confiscation.
And  it is agreed that all Persons who have any Interest in confiscated Lands, either by Debts,  Marriage Settlements,  or otherwise,  shall meet with no lawful Impediment in the Prosecution of their just Rights.

Article 6th:
That there shall be no future Confiscations made nor any Prosecutions commenced against any Person or Persons for, or by Reason of the Part, which he or they may have taken in the present War, and that no Person shall on that Account suffer any future Loss or Damage, either in his Person, Liberty, or Property;

and  that those who may be in Confinement on such Charges at the Time of the Ratification of the Treaty in America shall be immediately set at Liberty,  and  the Prosecutions so commenced be discontinued.

Article 7th:
There shall be a firm and perpetual  Peace between his  Britannic Majesty and  the said States, and  between the Subjects of the one and  the Citizens of the other, wherefore all Hostilities both by Sea and Land shall from henceforth cease:

All prisoners on both Sides shall be set at Liberty, and his Britannic Majesty shall with all convenient speed, and without causing any Destruction, or carrying away any Negroes or other Property of the American inhabitants, withdraw all his Armies, Garrisons & Fleets from the said  United States, and  from every Post, Place and  Harbour within the same;  leaving in all  Fortifications, the American Artillery that may be therein:

And  shall also Order & cause all Archives, Records, Deeds & Papers belonging to any of the said States, or their Citizens, which in the Course of the War may have fallen into the hands of his Officers, to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper States and  Persons to whom they belong.

Article 8th:
The Navigation of the river Mississippi, from its source to the Ocean, shall forever remain free and open to the Subjects of Great Britain and the Citizens of the United States.

Article 9th:
In case it should  so happen that any Place or Territory belonging to great Britain or to the United States should have been conquered by the Arms of either from the other before the Arrival of the said  Provisional Articles in America, it is agreed that the same shall be restored without Difficulty and without requiring any Compensation.

Article 10th:
The solemn Ratifications of the present Treaty expedited  in good  & due Form shall be exchanged between the contracting Parties in the Space of Six Months or sooner if possible to be computed  from the Day of the Signature of the present Treaty.

In witness whereof we the undersigned  their Ministers Plenipotentiary have in their Name and  in Virtue of our Full Powers, signed  with our Hands the present Definitive Treaty, and caused the Seals of our Arms to be affixed thereto.

Done at Paris,  this third  day of September in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three.


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